Atatürk University has been established, as one of the top five universities of Turkey, in Erzurum, a city of plateau at the altitude of approximately 2000 m, and developed continually throughout its history which goes back to more than fifty years ago. On the other hand, Erzurum Institute of Education was founded in 1961 as a school of Ministry of Education and started education in the buildings of Ali Ravi Primary School. Then, the Institute moved to Yoncalık Campus where it is located still today. The duration of education was increased to 3 years from 2 years in 1967-68 academic year. In 1973 it took the name of “Kazım Karabekir”, the name of the general who is one of the close friends of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk. The institute which represents his educationist personality, contributed a lot to bring up generations who will lead The Republic of Turkey to its targets (Kazım Karabekir Institute of Education adopted the Seljukian double-headed eagle as its emblem). The institute became a- four-year Teacher Training Higher School in 1979. On 20th July, 1982, with the decree law number 41, it was united with the Fundamental Sciences and Foreign Languages Higher School of Atatürk University. This unification has also brought the names of two distinctive people and constituted Atatürk University, Kazım Karabekir Faculty of Education which is one of the leading educational and scientific institutes of Turkey.